More than 100 million people in the United States have hypertension, or high blood pressure, which is almost half of all adults. This eye-opening number illustrates the magnitude of the problem, which is why Regina Capili, MD, and Carleo Capili, MD, at Grapevine Medical & Surgical Center offer specialized services that cater to hypertension. If you’re in the Grapevine, Texas, area, and you’d like to get a handle on your blood pressure numbers, call the office or use the online scheduling tool.
Hypertension Q & A
What is hypertension?
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a condition in which your blood places prolonged pressure on the walls of your arteries, weakening them, which can lead to:
- Heart failure
- Heart attack or stroke
- Vision loss
There are no symptoms that indicate high blood pressure, which is why it’s often referred to as “the silent killer.” The best way to find out whether you may be hypertensive is through a simple and painless blood pressure check at Grapevine Medical & Surgical Center.
How is hypertension diagnosed?
To determine your blood pressure, one of the team members at Grapevine Medical & Surgical Center places a cuff over your arm, which they fill with air and release, to measure the pressure your blood exerts on your arterial walls while your heart is beating (systolic) and in between beats (diastolic).
These two numbers are then arranged with systolic on top and diastolic on the bottom for an overall blood pressure reading, which breaks out like this:
- Less than 120 over less than 80 — normal
- 120-129 over less than 80 — elevated
- 130-139 over 80-90 — hypertension stage 1
- 140 and higher over 90 and higher — hypertension stage 2
The good news is that elevated or high numbers can be turned around with the help of your doctor.
What causes hypertension?
There are a number of factors that contribute to high blood pressure, including:
- Being overweight or obese
- Lack of exercise
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Certain pre-existing medical conditions, such as kidney disease
- Too much sodium in your diet
As you can see, some items on the list can’t be changed, but many can, which is where the doctors at Grapevine Medical & Surgical Center come in.
How is hypertension treated?
The doctors at Grapevine Medical & Surgical Center take a multi-pronged approach to hypertension, which may include one or more of the following:
- Dietary changes
- Prescription medications
- Exercise regimens
- Weight loss
- Quitting smoking
- Reducing alcohol consumption
Under the watchful eye of your doctor at Grapevine Medical & Surgical Center, you can make a big difference in your blood pressure numbers, reducing your risks of developing some very serious complications.
To get started on addressing your hypertension, call Grapevine Medical & Surgical Center or schedule an appointment using the online booking tool.